Updated Review of Apple Cider Vinegar For Weight Loss and Its Benefits

Updated Review of Apple Cider Vinegar Health Benefits and Side Effects

Apple cider vinegar, just like a diet shake, can be used to spark the weight loss process. Apple cider vinegar weight loss reviews show that the use of this liquid can safely help to accelerate the burning of body fat. Although a lot of people are familiar with apple cider vinegar liquid, there is also apple cider vinegar pills and both of them have the same benefits.

Apple Cider Vinegar Pills vs Liquid


There is no big difference when comparing apple cider vinegar pills vs liquid. Both of them have acetate and the main difference is the form in which they exist. Apple cider vinegar is simply a dehydrated apple cider liquid. The pills may be in form of capsules or tablets. However, both of them can be effectively used to aid the process of weight loss.

How to Lose Weight with the Apple Cider Vinegar

Although this vinegar can accelerate the process of weight loss, it’s also crucial that you make up necessary changes in your lifestyle. Making appropriate dietary changes as well as incorporating an exercise plan can make apple cider vinegar a great supplementary diet which increases the rate of metabolism and enhances the process of digestion.

Taking Apple Cider Vinegar

To take apple cider vinegar:

  • Add two teaspoons of this vinegar in 10 ounces of water.
  • Stir the solution.
  • Sip the solution using a straw (this helps to protect the mouth, throat and the teeth)
  • Brush your teeth with baking powder or use a lot of water to rinse your mouth.

You can drink the solution twice or thrice a day, before meals. Note that if you have a sensitive stomach, apple cider vinegar is very acidic and it can because of stomach upsets.

Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar

This vinegar has been in use for centuries. It’s been traditionally used to prepare meals, to treat wounds and to clean. Apple cider vinegar weight loss reviews show that taking the pills or the liquid could result to a number of health benefits. They include:

  • It aids in the weight loss process. Numerous research studies have established that taking this product can lead to a significant reduction in weight. Apart from that, it also helps to reduce the level of triglycerides in the body. Apple cider vinegar also helps to burn the abdominal and reduces the waist circumference.
  • Contains a wide range of vitamins and minerals including 17 types of amino acids, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, vitamins B12, B6, and B1. It helps to promote a healthy development of the body.
  • This vinegar contains malic acid which helps to improve heart health. The acid helps to clear organ tissues, lymph nodes, and clogged arteries.
  • Apple cider vinegar can be added to bathwater so as to improve the skin health. When a diluted apple cider vinegar is applied to the skin, it helps to eliminate warts, acne as well as other skin discolorations and blemishes.

How to Use Apple Cider Vinegar to Detox or Cleanse

Although the body can naturally cleanse and detox itself, eating junk foods can slow down this process. This often leads to the accumulation of toxins and wastes as well as weight gain. One way of enhancing weight loss is by clean eating. A balanced diet that’s rich in fruits and vegetables can help to boost the rate of metabolism. Apart from that, the diet helps to flush out the toxic wastes. You can cleanse and detox by:

Drinking lots of water. Ensure that you take at least 8 glasses of water per day.

  • Eliminate toxins by drinking a solution of apple cider vinegar at least two times a day.
  • Avoid foods with empty calories.
  • Cut alcohol and sugar from your diet.
  • Increase your protein and fiber intake. Foods such as legumes, lean meats, whole grains and nuts help to promote the feeling of satiety.
  • A diet shake can help to increase your nutrient intake.
  • Take minimal amounts of salt and avoid foods which have added sodium.

Final Thoughts

When using apple cider vinegar for weight loss, ensure that you drink it in moderate amounts. A high amount of apple cider vinegar decreases the level of potassium in the body and this leads to weakened bones. Apart from that, diabetics who take this vinegar may end up with critically low blood sugar levels which is dangerous. It slows down gastric emptying and cause gastro paresis in diabetics. As a weight loss supplement lots of people prefer meal replacement shakes. You can read out different type of comparison article which are help you to pick up the perfect shake.

Overall, apple cider weight loss vinegar reviews show that this product is effective. An 8 oz. serving of this liquid has 25 calories. Apple cider vinegar has no fat, protein or fiber and that’s why it’s effective for weight loss. It’s a good activator for thermogenesis and rapidly burns the abdominal fat. Besides that, it also helps to cleanse the body. But despite its numerous benefits, this vinegar is not a quick fix solution. It must be used with a good workout plan and a healthy diet for it to be effective.

A Detailed Comparison of 310 and GNC Lean Shake to Help You Pick Up the Perfect Shake

Are you looking for instant ways to fulfill your New Year resolution of shedding those extra calories? What are you waiting for? When time is money, wasting it to get desired results by following long and challenging diet plans and excruciating workouts is not a smart choice. If you need some quick weight loss regimes, today is your lucky day. We are sharing the simple, easy to use and instant weight loss alternatives whose popularity is on the constant rise these days. GNC meal replacement shake, lean shake, gnc weight loss shakes, gnc total lean shake, gnc lean shake burn are the hot-selling buns today for getting a lean and trimmed figure instantly. This regime works for those who are reluctant to sacrifice nutritional values for getting slim and fit.  

In this article, we are going to give gnc lean shake reviews what makes GNC as a preferred choice over 310 shakes for muscle building, weight loss and getting a lean figure without aching your body? We will compare the pros and cons of both popular brands in health and fitness world.  

How 310 shakes have an upper hand over lean shake?  

If you are to establish a comparison in between the Lean shake, gnc lean shake burns, gnc total lean shake, gnc weight loss shake and 310 shake, one thing is quite obvious which is known to many out there. There is a lot of buzz about the high contents of gnc protein shakes in the composition of Lean Shake. But few of you are aware of the higher ratio of carbs and sugars, greater calories and low fiber content present in Lean Shake. That’s where the 310 shakes got an upper hand.  

Which one tastes better? GNC shakes or 310 shakes?  

We surveyed a large number of consumers and got to know interesting answers to this question. The taste of GNC lean shake, GNC total lean shake and all the other shakes by GNC is dependent upon the flavor you select. Gnc total lean shake review has provided its consumers with a variety of amazing flavors. People are crazy about the typical vanilla flavor shake by GNC which is powered by a creamy rich taste. Best of all, it leaves no aftertaste in your mouth. That’s why people are loving this flavor.  

Overall, the GNC shake received mixed reviews. Some customers were not quite happy with other flavors like strawberry and Swiss chocolate. The sweetness was not at all balanced and they cause an unpleasant aftertaste. That’s where GNC is losing its market.  

When it comes to 310, it wins this criterion as well, since these lean shakes by 310 are manufactured using natural sweeteners. These natural sweeteners do not overpower the taste at all.  

Let’s have a look at calories  

The number of calories present in a diet shake is the most important factor for grading it. GNC Total lean shake comes with a calorie count of 200 per serving. This leaves you with little flexibility to jazz up your drink with some healthy ingredients.

On the other hand, 310 shake comes with a total of 90 calories in a single serving. Low-calorie count in a shake and high content of nutrients makes it a shake with the perfect formula. Surprisingly, we found this quality in 310 shakes. This makes it a great choice for weight loss while keeping your caloric intake low.

Which one is affordable? 

Considering what your pocket can afford is highly important before making any investment. We suggest you go for 310 shakes because it will offer you more product at the comparatively low price. Whereas the GNC has to offer you a total number of 16 servings only at a cost of 2.50$ per serving.  

Which one to pick up as your weight loss regimen?  

With a large number of people loving GNC lean shake, the shake still doesn’t qualify our critical assessment in terms of certain qualities. So, we suggest you go for 310 shakes which come with a decent price range, low caloric content, fewer carbs, and more fiber.  

Maximizing the Effects of Phentermine

Phentermine is no doubt one of the best diet medication meant for helping people lose weight. However, apart from taking your daily dose, there are other ways which ensure you can maximize the efficiency of this medicine. 

The Magic of Water.Drinking a lot of water is a guarantee for improving phentermine’s efficiency. Drinking a lot of water has immense health benefits. However, most people do not really understand how drinking eight or more glasses of water helps people lose weight. 

To start with, our brains cannot really tell if we are thirsty or just hungry. So, it’s a good idea to have some water with you to ensure that you are dehydrated rather than experiencing pangs of hunger, more so, hot water. Drinking water fills your stomach thereby suppressing your appetite. When you drink water, your stomach is full without traces of any calories.  

During the day, you should drink water all through, but a good dieting tip is drinking water at least 20 minutes before taking any meal to trick your stomach into the idea that it is quite full. Doing this will ensure that you eat less at mealtimes. It is crucial for those who take phentermine to know how water weight works and its connection to weight loss. Our bodies hoard things. Water is no exemption.  

When you deny your body the water it needs for its optimum functions, it holds onto the water that is available at the moment, which leads to water weight. Drinking a lot of water makes your body realize that it no longer needs to hold onto the water it was conserving. It, therefore, let’s go of it which leads to loss of water weight. The results will definitely reflect on the scale.Work Off Some Weight.Taking phentermine and eating healthy helps you lose some pounds.  

However, maximizing the effects of phentermine will take more than that. You have to commit yourself to consistent exercise. It does not matter what kind of exercise you engage in, be it jogging, swimming or gym exercises. The important thing is to exercise! 

Dieting and exercising help you convert your body fat into muscles. Scales will show how much weight you have lost. However, measuring your lean muscle and bone mass ratio to body fat is the best way to know of the weight changes in your body.The muscles you build by exercising will be evident in no time. Once the fat comes off, you will reap the rewards of your hard work of exercising.  

You will notice that the body you always dreamt of is slowly taking shape. University of Chicago researchers have proved that those who exercise and diet are more likely to maintain their weight than those who only diet.The Importance of Maintaining an Alkaline pH.Drinking a lot of water and exercising are obvious ways of losing weight. However, there is a scientific way that guarantees to work magic in your weight lose journey.

This method maximizes the effects of phentermine to the fullest. The method involves your urine pH. Phentermine experiments proved that acidic urine with a pH scale between 5.5 and 6.0 has concentrated amounts of the phentermine dose. Around 84 percent of the dose is excreted within 24 hours by the kidneys while unchanged.  

On the other hand, alkaline urine with a pH level of 7.5 to 8.0 has only 48 percent of the dose. This means that when your urine is alkaline, the odds are high that your body has processed the phentermine dose. As such, its effects such as having greater energy levels and appetite suppression are higher and at the same time, they last longer.There is a wide variety of foods that will boost your alkaline levels.  

Before consuming them, make sure you first know of their effects since they always vary in different people. Alkalizing food includes grapes, berries, bananas, tomatoes, mushrooms, cucumber, lemons, watermelons. Pineapple, carrots, broccoli, apples, spinach, onions, almonds, cinnamon, and pears.  

Unhealthy acidifying drinks and foods that should be avoided at all cost while using phentermine include soda, alcohol, butter, coffee, and ice cream. A good way of boosting your urine alkaline level is by drinking water that has squeezed lemon. All citrus fruits-apart from oranges- contain citric acid which have an alkalizing effect on the body. Take note that you should never drink water that has lemon along with food for it neutralizes the stomach acid, therefore, interfering with the digestion process. 

Your feedback on the above tips is highly valued. If you have any phentermine reviews or experiences or tips that you would like to add to the list, kindly comment below.

Everything You Need to Know About TruVision Health

We are living in an age where nutritional information is very important and people are conscious of what they take. In effect, several nutritional products have popped up in the market making it a tedious task deciding on which product to settle for. To choose the right nutritional product, you need to be armed with information-the right information.

TruVision is a company that specializes in manufacturing nutritional products. Some of their products include TruFix, TruControl, TruEssentials, and TruNecessity. Over the years, TruVision health supplements have been used by hundreds of thousands of people. In this article, we will inform you everything you need to know about TruVision.

What is it Made of? 

TruVision products have been in circulation for some time and they have been known to serve their purpose well as indicated by the testimonials.  It is important to note that any negative reviews are not about negative side effects but ineffectiveness of the product.

Since 2014, TruVision health supplements were meant to help people to lose weight and one of its main advantages was that it could be taken on the go. In order to understand about TruVision health products and how they work, it is important to understand what they are made of. Below are the ingredients and the role they play: 

  •  Green Tea Extract
  • Caffeine
  • Minerals and Vitamins
  • Bitter Orange
  • Dendrobium

    The Role They Play 

    Caffeine is a well-known stimulant that stimulates the nervous system actin as an appetite suppressor. Caffeine is a natural product and can be found in the green tea extract. Bitter orange on the other hand has been known to help reduce weight. Some researchers found out that bitter orange helps reduce cholesterol levels in the blood. In the Eastern cultures, Dendrobium has been used for ages to help improve digestion.

    Since this product is a natural based product, it is important to stick to the recommended dosage for the recommended amount of time in order to achieve the desired results. Accessing TruVision products has never been easier; you can purchase this product from their website or directly from their suppliers all over the country. Additionally, you can find a supplier near you by looking up on their website.

Side Effects 

A natural based ingredient like TruVision health supplement should not affect or change how you feel. There are barely any complaints from the customers about the side effects of using this product, in fact the only complain received were about the ineffectiveness. This is likely to occur if the customer does not follow the recommended intake. There were positive side effects though, which are completely normal when taking natural based supplement. One user said that it acted as a remedy for a stomach problem that he had been having.

TruVision and FDA 

Back in 2014, TruVision was being investigated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). FDA had an issue about two ingredients that were included in the product. Synephrine and 4-amino-2-methyl citrate were deemed to be in violation of FDA policy and they were removed from TruVision right away. TruVision health formula was changed to abide by the rules of FDA and since then there has been no further inquest on TruVision health. It is therefore not true to say that TruVision is on FDA blacklist.

More Customer Testimonials 

Most customer reviews of TruVision health indicate that the product is safe to use. There have been cases of mild some effects which may be disappointing for some leading to negative reviews. This can be explained by the fact that some people have different levels of responding to a product.
A huge group has however benefited from the product with one of the users saying that the product made him feel healthy and helped him lose weight as expected. TruVision health experts did a study and found out that the main complaint was that people felt that the product was not as effective as they hoped it will be.

Call to Action 

As they say, let others advise you but don’t let them decide for you. Bottom line, by reading the reviews and the ingredients, you can decide whether to include this product in your diet to help you with a lifestyle change. TruVision health makes it clear that by following the recommended dosage, you can achieve the desired results.

Why waking up early could help you lose weight


Eating healthily and losing weight can be difficult tasks for anyone, but a new study shows that when you choose to go to bed and wake up can make a big difference.

Researchers from The Obesity Society (TOS) have found that consumers who wake up early and go to bed at a decent hour are more likely to have a balanced diet than those who stay up later. It is the first study of its kind to investigate what and when people with different internal clocks eat.

TOS spokesperson Dr. Courtney Peterson explains that early birds have an advantage over night owls when it comes to fighting obesity because they instinctively choose to eat healthier foods earlier in the day. She states that factors such as metabolism and our biological clocks play a big part in weight loss.

“Previous studies have shown that eating earlier in the day may help with weight loss and lower the risk of developing diabetes and heart disease. What this new study shows is that our biological clocks not only affect our metabolism but also what we choose to eat,” she said.

Early birds vs. night owls

The study analyzed data from 2,000 randomly chosen participants and looked at how their circadian and biological clock rhythm affected what they chose to eat and at what time they were most likely to eat.

The findings suggested that early birds are more likely than night owls to eat high-energy, healthy foods throughout the day. On the other hand, night owls were found to consume less protein and more sucrose and saturated fatty acids. These differences were even more pronounced on weekends, with night owls eating more often and at more irregular times. The researchers found that night owls also tended to be less physically active and have lower quality sleep.

“Linking what and when people eat to their biological clock type provides a fresh perspective on why certain people are more likely to make unhealthy food decisions,” said lead researcher Mirkka Maukonen. “This study shows that evening type people have less favorable eating habits, which may put them at a higher risk for obesity, diabetes and heart disease.”

Weight loss implications

While the health implications are striking, the researchers believe that the findings could be particularly important to consumers who are seeking to lose weight. They say that health care providers could help consumers by directing them towards healthier options and specific meal times.

“Clinicians can help steer people to healthier options — and suggest the optimal time to eat these foods — based on what we now know about our biological clocks,” said Peterson.

The full study has been published in the journal Obesity.

SoulCycle class left woman hanging from bike frame, lawsuit claims

A woman who participated in a SoulCycle class in Beverly Hills last year claims that she was impaled by the equipment. Court papers obtained by the New York Post describe the horrific leg injury that 42-year-old Donna Wood claims was the fault of a SoulCycle stationary bicycle. According to the report, Wood somehow caught her right leg on a support beam when she was attempting to dismount the bike.

“She was left dangling by her right leg, which she could not dislodge,” the suit reportedly says. “Though she screamed for assistance, because the class was in cool down mode and music was still playing loudly and the room still dark, she was not heard or seen for several minutes.”

It was a classmate who eventually freed Wood, her suit says. Wood then took an Uber to Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and received 50 surgical staples. She developed an infection while recovering at the Hotel Palomar in Westwood and now lives with “a deep and permanent scar.” A SoulCycle spokesperson has not yet returned an interview request from ConsumerAffairs.

Intense indoor cycling at a steep price

SoulCycle is a New York-based chain whose cycling classes have gained a cult-like following among the thin and the rich. At about $30 per session, a single, 45-minute SoulCycle class costs more than some gym memberships would cost for an entire month. Yet the classes are so popular in some areas that fanatics even report getting “wait-listed” when space runs out. Once finally inside the coveted cycling class, instructors lead students on a high-intensity, dimly-lit, and loud workout. A Vanity Fair reporter who attended a SoulCycle class in the Hamptons describes the exercise in detail:

“SoulCycle rooms are hot and sweaty. The music is deafening, and it’s almost pitch-black. Spinning may sound easy—it’s only riding a bike, after all—but you rarely get to sit in the seat, or ‘saddle,’ as they call it; your body hovers over the bike like a jockey on a horse. After 45 minutes of this, things start to get weird. It’s like a Native American sweat lodge: everyone is in a stunned, near-hallucinatory state…”

Whether it’s that they are in such a “stunned, near-hallucinatory state,” or they just aren’t used to cycling, a few participants have made complaints similar to Donna Wood’s about SoulCycle classes.

Riding fixed

Participants in SoulCycle classes are instructed to wear shoes that “clip-in” or attach to the pedals, with cycling shoes available on loan for riders who don’t have their own. The stationary bike itself, called a spin cycle, is fixed gear, meaning that the pedals move with the wheel and there is no freewheel to allow for coasting. A fixed stationary bike is more physically and technically challenging to ride than a traditional stationary bicycle, according to testimony that several SoulCycle instructors gave in a 2012 trial.

“Unlike a regular stationary bike, each pedal will result in one revolution of the wheel,” says court papers, describing the testimony of SoulCycle instructors during a 2012 trial. “A rider cannot keep both feet still and let the wheel spin. Just pushing with your feet to attempt to stop the wheel is futile ‘unless you have very strong legs.’” The only way to stop the bike is to make resistance higher or apply the brake.

A waiver that new customers are asked to sign describes what could go wrong if a student doesn’t come to a stop properly. “The SOULCYCLE bike has a weighted flywheel and a fixed gear,” the waiver explains. “This means that in order to stop, you must gradually slow your pedal strokes rather than stopping abruptly. Do not dismount the bike or remove your feet from the pedals until both the pedals and the flywheel have stopped completely. Failure to comply may lead to loss of control and serious injury.”

Previous lawsuits filed by new students

That theoretical accident caused by a “loss of control” is similar to actual SoulCycle accidents described in news reports and court papers. In 2009, Wolf Scheck was taking his first SoulCycle class in Manhattan and struggled to keep the same fast pace as the rest of the class. When the instructor then told the group to stand up, Scheck says in the lawsuit, “the machine grabbed my [right] leg and pulled it around…’’ The pedals kept revolving, “almost on their own,” with his feet still clipped in, his suit says.

After seeing him struggle and hearing a popping sound, people in the class helped remove him from the bike and get him into an ambulance. At the hospital, doctors discovered that he had torn the quadricep muscle in his right leg, the suit says.

In another lawsuit, filed last year, customer Carmen Farias alleges that she was not properly taught how to use the bike before class. During the session, Farias wanted to slow down but felt “bullied” by her teacher to keep going, she said in court papers. She then describes falling off the bicycle: “Fatigue and disorientation overcame Carmen and she fell to her right and off of the saddle of the spinning cycle.”

But Farias’ feet remained clipped into the pedals as she lay on the ground: “Although her head and torso were now lying to the right side of the spinning cycle, Carmen’s left and right foot remained locked to the pedals,” the complaint says. With the pedals continuing to turn with her feet attached, her ankle was dislocated multiple times, causing Farias to become what the court papers described as “catastrophically injured.”

Donna Wood, meanwhile, is accusing SoulCycle of “negligence by using unsafe stationary bikes.” She is seeking unspecified damages.

Why the alternate-day fasting diet might not be right for you

If you’re a consumer who struggles with obesity or being overweight, then one of the first suggestions you’re likely to hear is that you should restrict the number of calories you consume each day. However, this can be a major test of willpower for some, and different fad diets have tried to come up with ways that allow consumers to lose weight while letting them eat what they want.

One of the newest strategies is called alternate-day fasting, where consumers are encouraged to eat whatever they want on one day and follow it up with a day of fasting where they only consume up to 25% of their usual calorie intake. This approach has increased in popularity and has even made its way into several diet books, with proponents calling it a superior way to lose weight. But does it work?

Researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago set out to answer that question and found that the diet might not be all it’s cracked up to be. After conducting a one-year randomized clinical trial, they found that participants who followed an alternate-day fasting diet did not experience any additional weight loss when compared to those who dieted normally.

“The results of this randomized clinical trial demonstrated that alternate-day fasting did not produce superior adherence, weight loss, weight maintenance or improvements in risk indicators for cardiovascular disease compared with daily calorie restriction,” the researchers said.

Trouble sticking to the diet

The study included 100 obese participants between the ages of 18 and 64 that were assigned to one of three groups for one year. One group followed an alternate-day fasting diet where participants consumed only 25% of their calorie needs on “fast” days and 125% of calorie needs on “feast” days; one group restricted their calorie intake to 75% of their caloric needs every day; and one group was given no intervention.

At the beginning of the experiment, the researchers expected that those following an alternate-day fasting diet would be able to adhere to their diet more easily, achieve greater weight loss, and reduce their risk for cardiovascular disease. However, the end results showed that these participants had the most trouble following their diet plan.

“Participants in the alternate-day fasting group ate more than prescribed on fast days, and less than prescribed on feast days, while those in the daily calorie restriction group generally met their prescribed energy goals,” the researchers said.

Not “superior”

In addition to not losing any more weight than participants in the calorie restriction group, the researchers found that those in the alternate-day fasting group were more likely to drop out of the study.

“Alternate-day fasting has been promoted as a potentially superior alternative to daily calorie restriction under the assumption that it is easier to restrict calories every other day. However, our data from food records. . . indicate that this assumption is not the case. Rather, it appears as though many participants in the alternate-day fasting group converted their diet into de facto calorie restriction as the trial progressed,” the researchers said.

“Moreover, the dropout rate in the alternate-day fasting group (38%) was higher than that in the daily calorie restriction group (29%) and the control group (26%). It was also shown that more participants in the alternate-day fasting group withdrew owing to dissatisfaction with diet compared with those in the daily calorie restriction group. Taken together, these findings suggest that alternate-day fasting may be less sustainable in the long term, compared with daily calorie restriction, for most obese individuals.”

The researchers point out that some individuals may still prefer alternate-day fasting over more conventional dieting techniques, but their study does put into question whether or not this new technique truly is “superior.”

The full study has been published in JAMA Internal Medicine.

There’s more to losing weight than just reducing your calorie intake

So, you’ve finally decided to bear down on your goal of losing weight and have cut down on calories. You should start losing weight any time now, right? Maybe not…

A new study from UT Southwestern Medical Center reveals that even the strictest dieters can fail to lose weight if they’re eating meals or snacking at the wrong time. Using mice subjects, Dr. Joseph S. Takahashi and his colleagues found that there’s more to losing weight than just cutting down on calories.

“Translated into human behavior, these studies suggest that dieting will only be effective if calories are consumed during the daytime when we are awake and active,” Takahashi said. “They further suggest that eating at the wrong time at night will not lead to weight loss even when dieting.”

Eating at the right time

To reach their conclusions, the researchers used high-tech sensors and automated feeding equipment to test the benefits of calorie-restricted diets. Mice were split up into five groups and given different dietary protocols to see which plan helped them lose weight.

Out of the five groups, only the mice who had a reduced calorie plan and ate during their normal feeding/active cycles were able to lose weight. The researchers say that the feeding schedule these mice followed tended to consolidate food intake into shorter periods and led to an unexpected increase in wheel-running activity, which they attribute to a previously unrecognized relationship between feeding, metabolism, and behavior.

The other four groups, who were either not given a reduced calorie plan or were fed during non-active or resting periods did not lose weight, suggesting that eating late at night even when on a diet will not lead to positive results.

The researchers say that the new tools they were able to use during the study have already led to a number of fresh insights, and that further study on dietary habits could lead to even greater understanding.

The full study has been published in Cell Metabolism.

When dining out, pay attention to calories


Nutritionists will tell you that there is more to weight control than counting calories. But it can’t be denied that piling up the calories will usually lead to packing on some extra pounds.

When you prepare meals at home you can take steps to minimize extra calories and increase awareness of the ingredients that go into your food. When you dine out at restaurants, it’s not as easy.

That requires some discretion when you order from the menu, avoiding dishes that, just from the descriptions, you know are packed with extra calories. In its latest release of the Xtreme Eating Awards, the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) highlights a few dishes in particular that may be very tasty, but are high in calories.

The group singles out chain restaurants for top honors, saying some dishes have twice the calories a person should consume in a single day. You’ll find the full list of this year’s “honorees” here.

Pancakes as a side dish

“Leave it to America’s chain restaurant industry to market a stack of pancakes as a side dish, or to lard up quesadillas and pasta with pizza toppings, or to ruin a perfectly good sweet potato,” said CSPI senior nutritionist Lindsay Moyer. “These meals are extreme, but even the typical dishes served at restaurants are a threat to Americans’ health because they increase the risk of obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and more.”

But the experts at Fitness Magazine say it is possible to dine out without going overboard on calories. It starts with arriving at the restaurant without a huge appetite. If you’re famished, chances are you’ll fill up on bread before the food arrives.

Go easy on the wine. There’s about 100 calories in each glass. That goes for cocktails too.

Look closely at dishes labeled “light.” They may qualify because they are low in carbs, but may still have lots of calories.

Portion control

Portion control is a big factor. Restaurants like to serve huge portions of food because they believe that’s what their customers want. But no one needs to eat that much food. Just eat some of it and take the rest home. It might feed you for several days.

Several months from now it will be easier to keep tabs on calories when dining out, as the Food and Drug Administration’s final menu labeling rule takes effect in May 2018. That rule will require restaurants with 20 or more locations to post calorie information on menus and menu boards. Many fast food restaurants have already taken that step.

The rule has been expanded to include supermarkets, but last week the House Energy & Commerce Committee approved a bipartisan bill to give grocery stores added flexibility.

The Food Marketing Institute pushed for the bill, saying the FDA rule did not take into account the variety of foods and formats found in grocery stores.

Why sugary drinks and protein-rich meals don’t mix

Eating meals that are high in protein is a great way to provide your body with the means to build and repair muscle, bones, and other important building blocks. However, a new study shows that pairing a sugary drink with a high-protein meal could be harmful.

Researchers from the USDA-Agricultural Research Service Grand Forks Human Nutrition Center have found that consuming sugar-sweetened drinks with high-protein foods negatively affects the body’s energy balance and can lead to it to store more fat.

“We found that about a third of the additional calories provided by the sugar-sweetened drinks were not expended, fat metabolism was reduced, and it took less energy to metabolize the meals. This decreased metabolic efficiency may ‘prime’ the body to store more fat,” said lead author Dr. Shanon Casperson.

Reducing fat-burn

The study analyzed 27 healthy-weight adults over two 24-hour periods who were given protein-laden meals and sugar-sweetened beverages. Participants were given 15% protein meals on their first visit after an overnight fast and 30% protein meals under similar conditions on their second visit. On each visit, one sugar-sweetened beverage was consumed during one meal and one non-sugar-sweetened beverage was consumed during the other.

The researchers found that the sugar-sweetened drinks decreased the fat oxidation process after a meal by 8%, which means that it took longer for the body to start breaking down fat molecules. For the 15% protein meal, that translated to 7.2 grams of potential fat that wasn’t burned. For the 30% protein meal, that figure increased to 12.6 grams.

Additionally, Casperson says that the sugar-sweetened beverages changed participants’ food preferences, causing them to not feel satisfied with their meal and to crave different types of flavors and foods for long periods after eating.

“We were surprised by the impact that the sugar-sweetened drinks had on metabolism when they were paired with higher-protein meals. This combination also increased study subjects’ desire to eat savory and salty foods for four hours after eating,” she said.

Weight gain and obesity

The results of the study show that consumers who are looking to lose weight should avoid sugar-sweetened drinks, especially if they are consuming more protein to recover after working out.

“Our findings suggest that having a sugar-sweetened drink with a meal impacts both sides of the energy balance equation. On the intake side, the additional energy from the drink did not make people feel more sated. On the expenditure side, the additional calories were not expended and fat oxidation was reduced,” said Casperson. “The results provide further insight into the potential role of sugar-sweetened drinks — the largest single source of sugar in the American diet — in weight gain and obesity.”

The full study has been published in BMC Nutrition.