Cancers and Symptoms

Common Types of Cancers And Their Symptoms

Cancer is currently the number one killer disease globally. The effect that this disease causes to the body debilitating and sometimes fatal. According to research studies, there are over 20 million people who are affected by this disease worldwide.

Although there are different types of cancer treatment options such as radiation therapy, surgery, medications, and chemotherapy, this disease may not go away soon as new cases arise.

Table Of Contents

  1. What Is Cancer? 
  2. Common Type Of Cancers, Causes, And Symptoms
  3. When To See A Doctor
  4. Final Thoughts

What Is Cancer?

It’s a disease that is caused by abnormal growth of body cells. The body is made up of cells which group to form muscles, bones, tissues, and organs. Although there is a common misconception in public that cancer is one type of disease, this isn’t true. Cancer is a collection of hundreds of diseases.

The abnormal growth of cancer cells can result in tumors. A tumor can be benign or malignant. A benign tumor is noncancerous. This means that it can’t metastasize i.e. it can’t affect the nearby tissues and or it can’t affect other areas in the body. Examples of benign tumors are lipomas and fibroids.

A malignant tumor is one which is cancerous. It has cancer cells and has the capability to affect the nearby tissues. Additionally, the cells can reach the bloodstream as well as the lymph nodes which means that they can easily reach other tissues in the body, a process that’s known as metastasis.

Common Type of Cancers, Causes, and Symptoms

To Prevent Cancer, Its very important to know about the Causes and Symptoms of cancers. There are over 100 different types of cancers. Overall, all these diseases are characterized by an abnormal growth of body cells. Up to now, the clear cause of cancer isn’t known. However, researches by medical experts point to factors such as exposure to harmful chemicals, ultra-violet rays, smoking, obesity, environmental pollution, cell phones, viruses, and genetically modified food among others. Some of the most common types of cancer include:

Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer

This is one of the most common types of cancers globally. Although it affects both men and women, a gender that is at a higher risk of this cancer is female. There are several groups and organizations that work to highlight this disease. There is even Breast Cancer Awareness month which happens every October. This condition normally affects the cells which are found in the milk ducts and milk lobules. The main cause of breast cancer isn’t fully known but its associated with risk factors such as hormonal changes, environmental, and lifestyle factors.

Common signs and symptoms

  • Change in shape and or size of the breast
  • Lump in the armpit
  • Nipple discharge (note that the discharge usually occurs without squeezing the breast and it may have blood in it.)
  • Double vision and headaches
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Breath shortness
  • Bone pain and muscle weakness

Skin Cancer

Skin Cancer

It’s also one of the most common types of cancers bring experienced at the moment. Global warming and climate change are some for the risk factors of skin cancer. Exposing your skin to UV rays, a weak immune system, tanning beds, radioactive agents, and other chemicals can lead to skin cancer. It’s caused by the malignant growth of skin cells. There are various skin cancer types which include melanoma, basal cell, and squamous cell carcinoma.

Common signs and symptoms

  • Open sores that won’t heal
  • Red, shiny pink, translucent, or pearly bump.
  • A waxy, yellow, or white skin surface that resembles a scar
  • Raised growths on the skin which are indented at the middle and have a rough surface.

Colon Cancer

Colon Cancer

Any type of cancer that affects the large intestine is colon cancer. The cells which are found in this organ usually form small and benign clumps which then develop over time to form large polyps that are known as colon cancer.

Common signs and symptoms

  • Rectal bleeding or blood in stools
  • Constant fatigue or Weakness
  • Change in  bowel movements which last for more than a month
  • Constant abdominal discomfort
  • Unexplained weight loss

Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer

This disease has been responsible for a high number of deaths worldwide. Lung cancer affects both men and women. It’s caused by an abnormal growth of body cells which causes uncontrolled generation of body cells that turn into tumor eventually. 90 percent of Lung Cancer cases are associated with cigarette smoking that involves tobacco. However, other factors that may increase its risk include fuel emissions such as diesel, radon gas, and asbestos fibers. Additionally, you may develop lung cancer from second-hand smoking.

Common Signs and Symptoms

  • Chest pains
  • Coughing blood
  • Breath shortness
  • Wheezing
  • Difficulty in swallowing

When To See A Doctor

Once you have noticed any unusual symptoms in your body, seek medical advice as soon as you can. If you suspect its cancer, do not wait. Until now, there isn’t any specific cure for cancer. Do not be afraid to seek medical assistance because the earlier the disease is detected, the better your chances of surviving. However, note that some types of cancer don’t show symptoms. It’s therefore important to regularly undergo screenings and checkups to ensure that you are safe. This disease has no association with the Cancer Horoscope.

Final Thoughts

Although cancer is normally caused by genetic changes that lead to abnormal growth of cells, emotional trauma and chronic stress can also lead to this disease. Try as much as you can to lead a stress-free lifestyle. Eat healthy meals, constantly exercise, and don’t forget to go for routine check-ups even if you are not unwell.

Sources

  • https://cbd-international.net/different-types-cancer-causes-part-one/
  • http://med.stanford.edu/cancer.html
  • https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/managing-care/using-trusted-resources
  • https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancer-basics/cancer-information-on-the-internet.html